You probably already know how to customize the Ubuntu desktop. But what if you're looking for a way to customize your Ubuntu splash screen? Do you want to optimize the logo of your selected desktop environment?
Here's how to change the splash screen on older Ubuntu systems as well as on PCs with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and higher.
How the changing of the splash screen has changed
Around the time of Ubuntu 10.04, tweaking the splash screen (the image that appears when you start your computer) meant editing the content of / user / images / share / xsplash. However, this splash screen directory has been moved in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS and higher.
Photo credits: Linux screenshots via Flickr
Newer versions of Ubuntu had the location as / lib / plymouth / themes. From Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
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, this place has been moved to / usr / share / plymouth / topics.
The Plymouth tool essentially manages the splash screen and can be used to set a new image.
Things changed a few years later. We now have a handy app to help you manage the current splash screen: Plymouth Themes.
Find or design your own Ubuntu splash screen replacement
Before installing new tools, make sure you have a new welcome picture on hand. This can be a photo – probably something very Ubuntu-like, like a nature photo – or a custom graphic. If you don't have one yet, there are several places where you can find custom splash screen graphics online. You may want the splash to match or complement your desktop background
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Alternatively, you can create your own splash screen from scratch. This may not be as easy as it sounds and requires that you have the right graphics tools installed on your Linux
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Computer. GIMP is certainly an option
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how Adobe Photoshop runs in Wine.
Install Plymouth Themes
When your Ubuntu splash screen is replaced, it's time to install the tool you need to activate it. Install in the Plymouth Themes Terminal:
sudo apt install plymouth themes
After installation, a new directory is created under / usr / share / plymouth / topics. Look in here. You will find everything that makes up the current splash screen: logos, spinners and scripts. If you upgraded from a previous version of Ubuntu and were concerned about the lack of a custom splash screen, this directory looks familiar. Basically, exactly the same structure is used.
This makes it easier for you to migrate your old topics.
Update and move old splash screen topics
If you've been using Ubuntu with a custom splash screen for some time, you'll need to move your existing themes. Check them out. If they are up to date, you can migrate them to the new directory.
First examine the old list of topics and check the content. You can do this in your file manager or in the terminal. The latter is a good option to get an idea of the file size:
ls -ltrd / lib / plymouth / topics
You can leave the old theme files behind when you move them. Go to
cd / lib / plymouth / themes
… Then use the mv command to move the topic directory you want to keep one after the other.
mv (theThemeDirectory) / usr / share / plymouth / topics
Note that some old designs may need to be adjusted as they are likely to contain recursive references to the old file location. You need a text editor to fix this, e.g. B. vim or nano.
Find each of the .plymouth theme files in the new destination and open them in a text editor. In the terminal use:
sudo nano /usr/share/plymouth/themes/(theme_name)/(theme_name).plymouth
Find the reference to the file path and change it from
/ lib / plymouth
/ usr / share / plymouth
Use CTRL + X. to save and exit the file.
Do you want more Ubuntu Splash Screen Themes?
Various online locations offer Ubuntu themes for your computer. For example, GNOME-Look.org has a great collection of topics grouped by use. This includes a section on Plymouth topics. Alternatively, visit DeviantArt, search for "Plymouth Themes" and download the ones you want. They are usually no larger than 3 MB.
Typically, topics contain an installation script. For example, I downloaded the Ubuntu vision theme from GNOME-Look.org to customize the splash screen.
The procedure was as follows:
- Download topic
- excerpt from the At home directory
- Find the installation script
- Open a terminal and run it with ./To install_script_name
- Select options for the splash screen
Then you have to change the file name and the file path in the configuration file default.plymouth. This last step is crucial as it ensures that the new theme is used. Enter in the terminal
sudo nano default.plymouth
Edit the two file paths for ImageDir and ScriptFile and make sure that both point to the intended topic. The ScriptFile should also point to the correct .script file in the topic directory.
Save the file and exit (CTRL + X.) Then restart your PC. Watch out for the new Ubuntu Splash screen!
Manually install a new Ubuntu splash screen
If the theme does not contain an installation script, you must manually add it to the plymouth / themes directory.
Extract the subject and copy it into that / usr / share / plymouth / topics Directory. Whatever you use as the new splash screen, you need to set it as the new default:
sudo update-alternatives –install /usr/share/plymouth/themes/default.plymouth default.plymouth /usr/share/plymouth/themes/"path/to-your-plymouth.plymouth "100
Next, open the default.plymouth file in a text editor as described above and edit the file paths.
Finally, update the initramfs, a virtual file system that is part of the startup process:
sudo update-initramfs -u
When you restart Ubuntu, the brand new splash screen appears.
What about logos?
What if you just wanted to edit your Ubuntu logo? It's just as easy. First open the directory usr / share / plymouth / theme and look for the directory with the logo.
Then make a copy of the file in case you ever want to have it back:
cp (logo_file) .png (logo_file_backup) .png
How you proceed next is up to you. Maybe you want to use the original graphic as a reference? In this case, open the file in your preferred image editor and make the necessary changes. Otherwise, simply create a new image with the same dimensions and save it in the same directory. Make sure that the file name of the new logo matches the old logo.
Do you need a new splash screen in Ubuntu? This is like!
You probably already know how to change the desktop theme in the Ubuntu desktop environment you choose. Welcome screens are a bit trickier though. To sum it up again:
- Find or design a new splash screen
- Install Plymouth Themes
- Move your old splash screen themes.
- Repair the old welcome screen reference
- Set a new topic as the default
- To update initramfs
If you are new to Ubuntu, these steps may be a little strange. However, there is nothing here that is not easy. It's also easier than changing the splash screen in Windows 10! Ultimately, such a custom hack shows how configurable Linux is.
Are you looking for other ways to customize Linux? Why not learn how to make Linux look like Windows?
Make Linux look like Windows 10 with these tips and optimizations
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