Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 Assessment

With the introduction of the next-generation Ampere graphics in the form of the GeForce RTX 3080 and RTX 3090, we tested and demonstrated benchmarks for these incredibly fast new GPUs. Unfortunately, very few of you have been able to purchase them six weeks after the RTX 3080 was released, and availability is expected to be low for some time. Regardless of whether these are deliberate actions (unlikely), miscalculations in demand, or manufacturing issues – as is so common in the industry – Nvidia is running out of time to hit Christmas time.

This situation put the cheaper GeForce RTX 3070 under more pressure. The start of the card was postponed to October 29th, so Nvidia could build up a larger supply for the release day. Hopefully, by the time it hits shelves, your chances of getting a new RTX 3070 in two days are much higher. The GeForce RTX 30 series will remain an attractive option for gamers for months and even years to come.

Now let's talk about the RTX 3070 GPU.

The GeForce RTX 3070 is based on the GA104 chip, which is almost 40% smaller than that of the 3080 and 3090 (GA102). The GPU offers 32% fewer CUDA cores and TMUs with the same 96 ROPs. The cores are clocked a little higher, around 4% for the base clock and 1% for the boost clock.

GeForce RTX 3090 RTX 3080 RTX 3070 RTX 2080 Ti
Price RRP $ 1500 $ 700 $ 500 $ 1200
Release date September 2020 September 2020 October 2020 September 2018
process Samsung 8N TSMC12FFN
Transistors (billions) 28.3 17.4 18.6
Die size (mm2) 628.4 392.5 754
Core configuration 10496/328/112 8704/272/96 5888/184/96 4352/272/88
Core clock frequency 1400/1700 MHz 1440/1710 MHz 1500/1730 MHz 1350/1545 MHz
Storage capacity 24 GB 10 GB 8 GB 11 GB
Storage speed 19.5 Gbit / s 19 Gbit / s 14 Gbit / s
Storage type GDDR6X GDDR6
Bus type / bandwidth 384-bit / 935.8 GB / s 320 bit / 760 GB / s 256 bit / 448 GB / s 352 bit / 616 GB / s
TGP 320 watts 320 watts 220 watts 250 watts

The storage subsystem has also been downgraded, moving from 10GB of high-speed GDDR6X memory to 8GB of standard GDDR6 at 14Gbps on a narrower 256-bit memory bus. This enables a peak bandwidth of 448 GB / s. Despite these changes, Nvidia claims that the RTX 3070 is on par with the RTX 2080 Ti (with 3GB less VRAM), but at an MSRP of $ 500, seriously, who can complain.

A natural advantage of the reduced design is the much lower TDP power of 220 watts, 100 watts less than the 3080 and 30 watts less than the outgoing 2080 Ti. This means that RTX 3070-based graphics cards are cool, quiet and gentle for Your power supply are.

But enough of that, it's time to look into the blue bar charts. For testing we use our Ryzen 9 3950X test system with four sticks of DDR4-3200 memory with low latency …

Benchmarks

If we start the benchmarks with Death Stranding at 1440p, we immediately find a 2080 Ti-like performance from the new RTX 3070, which pumps out 134 fps on average. Compared to the 2070 Super with a similar price, we see a performance increase of 30% and an increase of 24% compared to the 5700 XT.

Even at 4K, the RTX 3070 is the same as the 2080 Ti with an average of 83 fps, which is just under 30% slower than the 3080. A good overall result for a GPU that is expected to cost only $ 500.

In Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020, the RTX 3070 corresponds exactly to the formerly super-high-end 2080 Ti with 1440p.

The 3070 drops a bit at 4K, likely because it only has 8GB of VRAM. The drop in performance isn't massive, but Flight Simulator 2020 will exceed the capacity of 8 GB with the ultra quality settings of 4K. As a result, the RTX 3070 pays a small performance penalty.

We're starting to feel a trend here. Very similar performance to the 2080 Ti at 1440p, this time in Shadow of the Tomb Raider. That means we expect a ~ 30% increase in performance from Nvidia priced at $ 500 compared to the Super of 2070 and 55% of Vanilla 2070.

The 3070 is at a disadvantage at 4K, here the VRAM utilization is between 7.5 and 8 GB, so that we may be on the verge of the VRAM capacity limitation or the tiny performance drop is due to the memory bandwidth, either way like the 3070 Only One a few frames further on the 2080 Ti.

Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege makes heavy use of computing and this makes the Amp architecture an advantage. It's not a huge boost over Turing, but it helps, so the RTX 3070 is 5% faster than the 2080 Ti at 1440p and 44% faster than the 2070 Super.

The 3070 stayed strong even at 4K, displacing the 2080 Ti by a few frames. That made it 21% slower than the 3080, but 47% faster than the 2070 Super.

At F1 2020 we again see the 2080 Ti-like performance of the 3070, which is 34% faster than the 2070 Super or 19% faster than the Radeon 5700 XT.

The RTX 3070 slips a few frames behind the 2080 Ti at 4K, but we're talking about a margin of just 2 fps. So let's just call it straight. That said, the new RTX 3070 is almost 40% faster than the 2070 Super and 30% faster than the 5700 XT.

In Gears 5, the RTX 3070 is the same as and slightly outperforming the 2080 Ti, although it performs essentially the same. A smaller increase of 27% over the 2070 Super and even less over the 5700 XT can be seen.

At 4K, the RTX 3070 is 33% faster than the 2070 Super and almost 40% faster than the 5700 XT.

Interestingly, the RTX 3070 was 8% faster than the 2080 Ti at 1440p in Horizon Zero Dawn and averaged 96 fps. That made it 45% faster than the 2070 Super and 37% faster than the 5700 XT, which is a solid result here.

The 3070's performance stayed very strong at 4K as it was 10% faster than the 2080 Ti and a whopping 51% faster than the 2070 Super.

Proceed to Assassin's Creed Odyssey and you guessed it, 2080 Ti-like performance at 1440p.

The gains over the 2070 Super are weak in this title, at least when using a 3rd generation Ryzen processor, which is an increase of around 14%.

There is no CPU bottleneck with 4K. As a result, the 3070 was 39% faster than the 2070 Super and even outperformed the 2080 Ti by 9%, an impressive result.

We see a small increase in performance over the 2080 Ti at 1440p with an average of 4% more frames, although interestingly we saw an increase from 8% to the 1% low result. Anyway, that meant the 3070 was 38% faster than the 2070 Super and 36% faster than the 5700 XT.

If you jump to 4K, the 3070 will run just one frame ahead of the 2080 Ti, so we're looking at the 2080 Ti-like performance again. This meant that while the 3070 was 25% slower than the 3080, it was almost 40% faster than the 2070 Super.

Next up we have Metro Exodus and the results here are a bit unexpected as the RTX 3070 outperforms the 2080 Ti by 7%. We haven't seen a similar result so far, even if the margin isn't very large. That means the 3070 is only 16% faster than the 2070 Super at 1440p.

The 4K data follows the same pattern with the RTX 3070 getting close to the average frame rate of the 2080 Ti, but the 1% low performance only matches the 2080 Super.

The Resident Evil 3 results are more in line with our expectations. The RTX 3070 delivers performance at the 2080 Ti level.

The RTX 3070 drops a little further at 4K, here it was 6% slower than the 2080 Ti, but that's still far from a terrible result and 39% faster than the 2070 Super.

Doom Eternal's results show that the 3070 performed 7% slower than the 2080 Ti at 1440p, which is a bit of a surprise. We're still talking about a ~ 40% increase in performance over the 2070 Super and 35% over the Radeon 5700 XT.

At 4K, when using the ultra nightmare textures that require 9GB of VRAM, we find that the RTX 3070 lags further behind the 2080 Ti, being 14% ahead. But other 8 GB graphics cards such as the RTX 2070 Super also suffer here. As a result, the RTX 3070's higher memory bandwidth plays a more important role, allowing it to outperform the 2070 Super by 52%.

We also tested with a lower texture quality (up to "Ultra") that required 7 GB of VRAM. The 3070 can keep up with the 2080 Ti in this scenario and delivers an average of 141 fps.

In Wolfenstein: Youngblood, we see the 3070 comparing the 2080 Ti to a T, making it 21% slower than the RTX 3080 and 38% faster than the 2070 Super.

At 4K, the RTX 3070 was 3% slower than the 2080 Ti and 26% slower than the 3080, but also 37% faster than the 2070 Super.

Last we got Hitman 2 and you guessed it, 2080 Ti-like performance at 1440p. We see the 3070 drop off slightly at 4K, but it was only 4% slower than the old 2080 Ti flagship and 55% faster than the 2070 Super.

Performance summary

All of these benchmarks will be run later. We can safely say that the RTX 3070 corresponds very well to the RTX 2080 Ti promised by Nvidia. Here you can see the average data in our 14-game example in both resolutions.

Power consumption, power per watt

Here you can see the total system consumption with our Ryzen 9 3950X test system. The RTX 3070 increased the total system usage to 371 watts. Under the same conditions, the 2080 Ti reached 433 watts, which means the 3070 used 14% less power. It also used almost 30% less power than the RTX 3080. We see a similar power consumption as the RTX 2070 Super, so a very efficient GPU.

When we use PCAT to measure the power consumption of the graphics card only, the 3070 uses only 6 watts more or 3% more power than the RTX 2070 Super and 10% less than the 5700 XT.

We also expect a 31% reduction compared to the RTX 3080 and 14% less than the 2080 Ti.

In terms of performance per watt, the GeForce RTX 3070 is the most efficient graphics card we have ever tested. It offers 9% more power per watt than the 3080 and 17% more power per watt than the 2080 Ti.

It's also 59% more efficient than the 7nm Radeon RX 5700 XT. So it will be interesting to see how AMD can improve this anytime soon.

Looking at how the GeForce RTX 3070 Founders Edition graphics card ran after an hour of Shadow of the Tomb Raider, the GPU hit a high of only 72 ° C with a fan speed of 1650 rpm, which is very reasonable and the card was very quiet. The average clock rate in this test was 1890 MHz, almost 1.9 GHz, with the memory operating at 14 Gbit / s.

Cost per frame

Get ready. Here you can see the cost per frame starting with the 1440p data.

As you can see, the RTX 3070 is now the most affordable graphics card in terms of cost per frame. It's 7% cheaper than the standard RX 5700 and 25% cheaper than the 2070 Super.

Of course, you can now get RTX 2080 Ti performance for well under half the price.

The cost per frame of data is probably a little more reliable at 4K, where we are removing all system bottlenecks.

The RTX 3070 stays on top, only beating the RTX 3080, which is still pretty cute for such a powerful GPU. This means that the new GeForce is 27% cheaper per frame than the 2070 Super and is significantly better value for money at the price of $ 500.

What we learned

Overall, the GeForce RTX 3070 from Nvidia is an excellent high-performance product. Competition aside, the RTX 3070 is better than ever in the market today in terms of cost per frame and even performance per watt.

The RTX 3070 is the new and much cheaper 2080 Ti. In this comparison you get 3 GB less VRAM, but make up for it with improved power consumption and save about 60 watts. That means more compact graphics cards or larger models can be made that run cooler and quieter. Oh yeah, did we mention that this card is $ 500 instead of $ 1,200?

Compared to the GPU it replaces, the GeForce RTX 3070 is almost 40% faster than the 2070 Super. Now it will be extremely important that Nvidia address the offer and ensure that these base models meet the MSRP.

As we watch (or not) how this happens, AMD will be demonstrating "Big Navi" this week and there is no doubt that we can provide ratings for the Radeon RX 6000 series cards within a reasonable time. Nvidia will see direct competition for most of its GeForce 30 lineup, including the RTX 3070, which means that at $ 500, it may no longer be the best option. We'll find out soon enough, and of course we're counting on AMD to create competition that will ultimately benefit gamers and consumers alike.

Purchasing links:
  • Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 on Amazon
  • Nvidia GeForce RTX 3080 on Amazon
  • Nvidia GeForce RTX 3090 on Amazon
  • Intel Core i9-10900K on Amazon
  • AMD Ryzen 9 3950X on Amazon
  • AMD Ryzen 9 3900X on Amazon

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