Getting Began With Ubuntu Server: A Step-by-Step Information

The Ubuntu server has received many awards for its name and its popularity continues to touch the high points of success due to its composition of containers and compatibility with the cloud. This simple but detailed guide covers everything a beginner needs to know about installing an Ubuntu server on their computer.

Read on to find out why the server matters, how you can use it, and more.

What is Ubuntu Server?

If you're a beginner and new to the Linux world, you are probably wondering what the fuss is about. Ubuntu Server is a server operating system (OS) developed and operated by Canonical.

Ubuntu Server is compatible with several types of architecture, which means it can run seamlessly on the following devices:

  • x86

  • x86-64

  • ARM v7

  • ARM64

  • POWER8 and

  • IBM System z mainframes through LinuxONE

The Ubuntu server has four main requirements and your system should meet the following criteria:

  • R.A.M: 4 GB memory
  • CENTRAL PROCESSOR: 2 GHz dual core processor
  • Warehouse: At least 25 GB of storage space
  • USB drive: At least 4 GB USB drive

Install Ubuntu Server on your computer

To install Ubuntu Server, first download and create the installation media. You can then install Ubuntu Server on your server.

Step 1: Download the installation media

  1. The first step is to visit the Ubuntu Server download page and select it Option 2 – Manual server installation. The latest version is Ubuntu 20.04 which was released on April 23, 2020. This is an LTS (Long-Term Support) version. Accordingly, Linux will provide support and updates through April 2025.

  2. Download the appropriate ISO file that will be used and create the installation media.

Step 2: create a bootable USB

If your system has a DVD drive, you can burn the ISO file to a disc. Alternatively, you can create a bootable USB drive for installing Ubuntu Server. This example uses the Ubuntu desktop.

  • Connect your USB storage device to your PC

  • On the Ubuntu desktop, use the icon in the lower left to open it View applications Menu

  • Enter "Start" in the search field and select Start Disk Creator

  • If Startup Disk Creator does not automatically find the ISO file in your Downloads folder, click Other search for.

  • Make sure that the correct target drive is selected under Hard drive to use, then click Create a startup diskConfirmation when prompted.

That's it; The bootable version of Ubuntu on a USB stick can now be installed.

Step 3: Set the startup sequence

In the BIOS menu, select which devices should be checked for a bootable operating system. Options include internal hard drives, USB storage, and the CD / DVD-ROM drive (if available). Select the device that corresponds to the setup of the boot medium described above.

Most BIOS versions allow you to access Start menus at startup. Depending on the model you are using, you can use the following buttons to bring it up.

Manufacturer Name Boot from keys
ASUS F8 or Esc
Compaq F9 or Esc
eMachines F12
HP F9 or Esc
Samsung F2, F12 or Esc
Acer F12, F9 or Esc
Dell F12
Fujitsu F12
Lenovo F8, F10 or F12
Toshiba F12

Paste the Ubuntu Server installation you created. Turn on the computer and wait for it to boot from the USB drive.

Step 4: Choose your Iinstallation V.ersion

Choose Install Ubuntu Server Option from the list of options. You can use the arrow keys to navigate through the options. Press Enter to select the option you want.

Note: If you have an NVIDIA graphics card installed on your system, you can select it Install Ubuntu Server (secure graphics) Option from this list instead.

Step 5: Select the language

Choose your preferred language; Press Enter.

Step 6: skip the installation update

If a new installation update is available, the setup screen will display the option to use the old installer or upgrade to a new installer.

Choose from the following options:

  • Update to the new installer

  • Proceed without updating

Depending on which option you choose, the installer will take you to the next screen.

For now, for the sake of installation, let's move on to the second option: Proceed without updating.

Step 7: choose a keyboard layout

Choose your preferred keyboard layout. Alternatively, you can also choose Identify your keyboard to automatically select the keyboard. Choose Done, followed by Enter.

Step 8: Configure network interfaces

For the server installation to be successful, at least one network interface must be configured so that the server can communicate with other systems on the network.

If there is an ethernet cable connected to your Ubuntu Server device, select the option eth Possibility. For Wi-Fi connectivity, select the interface with a displayed DHCP IP address. Note that you can also switch to a static IP by selecting this option.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

Step 9: Configure the proxy details for connecting to the internet

If you have proxy details, you can enter the details on this screen. If not, leave it blank.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

Step 10: Configure the Ubuntu Archive Mirror

A standard mirror will be selected for you automatically. If you do not want to set a default address, you can choose an alternative.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

Step 11: choose storage configurations

There are two options on this screen:

  • Use an entire hard drive: Choosing this option will erase the entire hard drive and automatically partition the drive for you. Make sure that you have not saved any valuable information beforehand as you will not be able to retrieve this information after the partitions have been created.
  • Custom storage layout: This option is intended for advanced and advanced users only. You can set up partitions and choose one to install Ubuntu Server on. Avoid doing this if you are new to installing server operating systems.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

The following screen shows a summary of the changes that will be made to the system. Check the system configurations and make changes if necessary.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

On the next screen, the installer will display a popup asking for final confirmation to begin the installation process. When you are sure that everything is as it should, choose Continue, or Noas it might be the case.

Step 12: configure your profile

When the installation is complete, the next screen will ask for the following details:

  • Your name
  • The name of your server
  • Choose a username
  • Choose a password
  • Confirm your password

Give the Ubuntu server a reasonable name so that you can easily find it on the network. Also, use a password that is both strong and memorable.

Choose Done, followed by Enter.

Step 13: SSH setup

Ubuntu gives you the ability to securely access your server remotely by setting up OpenSSH server details. You have the option to import an SSH identity key from GitHub or Launchpad if you want.

If you do not want to import a key, choose Done, followed by Enter.

There are some popular snaps that can be installed on the server after installation. Each has a description so you know what it is for.

Select the snapshots you want followed by Done and Enter.

Step 15: Installation complete

Ubuntu will complete the installation of the remaining aspects of the server. Once the installation is complete, select the "Restart" option.

Read more: Ubuntu Server vs. Ubuntu Desktop

A word of caution: Remove the USB drive from the device before selecting the Restart option. Otherwise, Ubuntu might reinstall everything when you turn on the computer.

If you don't see anything but the log screen, press Enter a few times.

Step 16: Log into Ubuntu Server

The system asks you for your login details and your password. Enter the details you specified in the previous step. If you can log in and see the system information screen, you have successfully installed Ubuntu Server 20.04 LTS on your computer.

Are you ready to install Ubuntu 20.04 on your computer?

The above steps are pretty simple. If you follow them to the tee, you can also easily install the Ubuntu server on your computer. If you are a beginner, these steps should get you started with the Ubuntu installation and make your life easier if you have to reinstall the new server version as soon as it becomes available.

What version of Ubuntu are you using? Here's how to check it out

Knowing which version of Ubuntu you are using can help determine which software is appropriate for your Linux system.

Continue reading

About the author

Sahil Khurana
(3 articles published)

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By Sahil Khurana

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