Windows 10 comes with three basic power plans, ranging from high performance to low power mode. However, these power plans aren't perfect. It is worth taking some time to create a custom power plan or adapt existing ones to suit your needs and usage style.
Fortunately, it's relatively easy to do. Before creating one, however, you need to understand the various configurable power options. That way, you can create a plan that perfectly suits your needs.
How to open Power Options in Windows 10
There are several ways to access the power options in Windows 10. One of the easiest methods is to use the Start button:
Right click the Start button and select Energy options from the list displayed.
Search in the window that opens Additional energy settings under Related Settings. You can find this on the right-hand side of the window.
The Power Options menu opens.
Now you can either customize an existing power plan or create a new one from scratch. Regardless, you will get the same list of options and the process will be pretty similar.
The power plans in Windows 10 and what they mean
After opening the Power Options Control Panel window, you will see a list of power plans. On most computers, these are:
- Balanced: This is usually the power plan that is selected by default on most laptops. As the name suggests, the plan uses energy in a balanced way and offers a sweet spot between performance and savings. It is a good idea to use this plan if you are using your system for low-intensity, non-demanding tasks.
- High performance: The High Performance Plan is designed to get the maximum performance from your computer in exchange for more power consumption. Most laptops automatically switch to this tariff when they are connected to the mains. Desktop computers also use this tariff as they draw power straight from the socket.
- Energy saver: This plan is most relevant for laptops, especially when the battery is low. The brightness is automatically dimmed while the GPU and CPU speed are throttled. If you're using a desktop PC, you'll need to manually select this plan if you want to use less power. With laptops, most people automatically switch to this mode when the battery percentage drops below a certain point.
These plans can also be further customized to suit your needs and, as mentioned earlier, you can also easily create a completely new energy plan.
Adapting an existing power plan
Just follow the steps below to customize an existing power plan on your computer:
Use the steps in the first section of this article to open the Power Options window.
Now click next to your preferred power plan Change plan settings.
In the window that opens, you can change how your device is on battery power or when it is connected.
Click the drop-down menus under each section to select the length of time before the display turns off and when your computer goes to sleep.
You can also click Change advanced power settings for additional options, e.g. B. when your hard drive stops spinning.
After changing the settings, click save Changes.
Create a new energy plan
Creating a new power plan is pretty easy in Windows 10:
Open the Power Options window.
Click the on the left Create a power plan Opportunity.
On the next screen, enter a name for your power plan. Click on Continue.
Now adjust the settings as in step 4 of the above section.
Click on Create.
Your new custom power plan will be created. To customize it further, use steps two through six in the section above.
What do the advanced energy settings mean?
If you want to change the way a power plan works, you need to access the advanced power settings. This is recommended because a well-optimized power plan is one of the most important ways to increase the performance of your computer.
The sections above already explain how to do this. Just click on the Change advanced power settings Change option in Plan Settings window.
However, once you are in the Advanced Power Settings menu, you may be a little confused about what each option does. Read on to find out what the important options mean and how you can tweak them to suit your needs. Depending on your device type and hardware, you may see different options, so don't panic if you don't see all of them.
Hard disk drive (HDD)
The hard drive option is only relevant for computers that use a hard drive as their primary storage device. If your computer only uses an SSD, you will not see this option.
If you expand the option, you can adjust the inactivity time after which your hard drive stops spinning. This option is best left at the default value of 20 minutes.
Desktop background settings
This option is essentially a toggle for the desktop background slideshow feature in Windows. By default, it's available when your device is plugged in and pauses on battery power.
When using the slide show function, you can leave the settings unchanged. However, if you are not using the feature, change the setting to paused in both cases.
Processor power management
Your computer's processor is a major source of electricity consumption. This option allows you to control how the processor uses power. Expand the option for additional submenus.
The minimum processor state option defines the percentage that your processor will function without load. It is best to leave this between five and ten percent. The maximum processor status should always be left at 100 percent, since the computer only uses the entire CPU when required.
The system cooling sub-option has two states: passive and active. Ideally, keep this active. However, when you're not using your PC for heavy-duty work, switch it to passive mode to save more power.
The PCI Express setting is used to manage the power settings for your computer's PCIe slot. The PCIe slot houses components such as the GPU or a sound card.
Here you should use one of the power saving modes as they will not affect the performance of your computer in any way. The only potential downside is that it will take your computer a little longer to wake up from sleep mode.
Take full control of your computer's power consumption
The above settings give you complete control over how much power your computer uses. While it may not provide immediate short-term gains, it will save you a lot of money and slow down the wear and tear of your computer parts in the long run.
If you're not a power saver and want to see everything your computer has to offer, your best bet is to enable the ultimate power plan in Windows 10.
How to enable the ultimate performance power plan in Windows 10
Are you ready to upgrade your PC's hardware? How to activate the Ultimate Performance power plan in Windows 10.
About the author
(134 published articles)
Manuviraj is a feature writer at MakeUseOf and has been writing about video games and technology for over two years. He is an avid gamer who also spends his free time browsing and reading his favorite music albums.
By Manuviraj Godara
Subscribe to our newsletter
Subscribe to our newsletter for tech tips, reviews, free e-books, and exclusive offers!
Click here to subscribe