Working in front of a screen can be difficult if you are visually impaired. Fortunately, Apple strives to make its devices, including Macs, accessible to everyone. Therefore, macOS includes some helpful accessibility features that can help you see and work better on your Mac.
Here are the best Mac accessibility features for people with low vision or partial blindness.
How to turn on Mac accessibility
A Mac has several accessibility settings that can be useful for people with low vision. How to access most of them:
Open that Apple Menu and click System settings.
Choose from one of the functions below vision, namely Voice over, Zooming, advertisement, Spoken content, or Descriptions.
If you're using a Touch ID device or Magic Keyboard, you can quickly access the control panel with the Accessibility Shortcuts by quickly pressing the Touch ID three times. You can also access the control panel by pressing Option + Command + F5.
Use VoiceOver to read the contents of your screen
This built-in screen reader on a Mac reads aloud whatever is on the screen, such as: B. the text in documents, and helps you navigate and use apps.
To use it, choose the Voice over Option in Accessibility Settings and then enable Activate VoiceOver.
Choose Open VoiceOver Training to learn more about basic VoiceOver commands. Then go over to VoiceOver utility to adjust settings like detail, speed, and navigation.
Enlarge content with zoom
With Zooming, you have the option to enlarge the entire screen or just a certain area of it.
You can choose one or a combination of the options to zoom in on any piece of content:
- Use keyboard shortcuts to zoom. Use keyboard shortcuts to zoom in (Option + Command + Equal), the end (Option + Command + Hyphen) and switch between the two (Option + Command + 8).
- Use the scroll gesture with the modifier keys to zoom. This allows you to zoom in and out by pressing the steering Button or other key, and then swipe with two fingers on your trackpad.
- Hover text. If you choose this, you will see an enlarged view of the text under your mouse pointer when you press Command line.
If you are using a different screen, you can use to set the zoom to be displayed separately Full screen. Otherwise, you can view the zoom style in Split screen or as Picture in picture Advertisement.
click Progressive, then go to Appearance Tab to change how the screen image behaves and how the zoomed image is displayed. Select the Controls Tab to choose which controls you prefer to manage the feature. You can also adjust the range of minimum and maximum quick zoom capacity by moving the sliders.
Adjust your display settings
Visual challenges vary from person to person. Some visual impairments are exacerbated by exercise, while others are challenged by the ability to perceive some colors more than others. Go to Accessibility > advertisement to change your Mac's advertisement, cursorand add Color filter to meet your special needs.
While a more sophisticated display and good user interface make navigation more aesthetically pleasing, this can be challenging for some people. Fortunately, Apple gives you these options to change the display and user interface:
- Invert colors. This will invert the colors on your screen. However, activating night mode automatically deactivates this feature.
- Reduce transparency. This turns the transparent areas in applications and desktop windows from transparent to gray.
- Increase contrast. This reduces the transparency of backgrounds and makes the edges of fields, buttons and other UI elements more visible
- Differentiate without color. Some items or options use color as a differentiator. This feature changes these UI elements to use more noticeable differences such as shapes.
Cursors can also be difficult to find at times. Tick Shake the pointer to find to enlarge the cursor if you can't find it on your screen. You can also move the sliders to adjust Cursor size.
You can also add Color filter Adjust to your display to accommodate certain types of color blindness such as protanopia or deuteranopia. If you want more control over the color and intensity of your filter, choose hue. Choose your preferred color from the color picker and move the sliders to adjust the intensity.
Have your Mac read the screen aloud
With Spoken content, you can get your Mac to speak text and announce apps and alerts so you don't miss them. You can also choose to read items under your cursor or read text as you type.
Listen to audio descriptions
Sometimes movies, TV shows, and other media contain too much visual information that can be easily overlooked, especially when the picture quality is not ideal for people with visual impairments, such as when the image quality is not ideal. B. Movies shot in dark places.
Audio descriptions provide users with more information about the visual content of the media they are viewing. To allow your Mac to play audio descriptions when they are available, go to Accessibility, then scroll down to Audio descriptions in the sidebar, then click Play audio descriptions when available.
Other helpful functions
Aside from these accessibility features, here are other useful tips to help you see better on your Mac.
Select a less busy desktop image
Nice desktop images are nice to have, but some may find them too busy, making it difficult to distinguish desktop icons from the background itself. Find a desktop picture with fewer shapes or colors by going to. walk System Preferences> Desktop & Screensaver, and then select an image with a solid color.
Adjust your screen brightness
Brightness is also a factor that can aid or hinder your ability to view your screen. To adjust the brightness of your Mac, go to System settings > To sue, press the advertisement Tab, and then drag the brightness Slider.
Tick Adjust brightness automatically to allow your Mac to adjust the brightness of the screen to suit your ambient lighting, and enable Right sound so that the color temperature of your display can be changed. activate Night shift to make your screen colors warmer at night. This can also help you get a better night's sleep.
Zoom in quickly
In some apps, press Command + is the same or Command + hyphen allows you to increase or decrease the size of the text. Alternatively, double-tap your trackpad with two fingers or double-tap your mouse with one finger. To activate this:
Go to System settings > mouse > Point and clickif you are using a mouse
Go to System settings > Trackpad > Scroll & zoom > Intelligent zoomwhen using your trackpad
Make text bigger in certain apps
If you're sending messages through your Mac and you want the text to be larger, go to announcements > settings, then pull the Text size Slider.
You can also increase the email text size in Mail. To do this, go to e-mail > settings > Font and colors, click Choose Next Message font, and adjust the font size. You can also choose a more eye-friendly font.
Enlarge symbols and symbol texts
If you don't want to see the desktop icons and text, enlarge them by Ctrl-clicking your desktop and then selecting Show view options. Pull the Icon size Slider and change the text size to your liking.
You can do the same for sidebar icons. Just go to System settings > Generally, and then click to select one of the options for Size of the sidebar icon.
Navigate your Mac with ease thanks to these settings
In this age, the use of computers has become a necessity. With the accessibility features of the Mac, anyone can navigate their devices and make the most of them – even people with visual impairments.
6 essential macOS features for the hearing impaired
This guide focuses on various macOS settings and tweaks that are perfect for anyone with hearing impairments.
About the author
(78 published articles)
Rachel Melegrito gave up her college teaching career to become a full-fledged content writer. She loves everything from Apple – from iPhones to Apple Watches to MacBooks. She is also a licensed occupational therapist and budding SEO strategist.
By Rachel Melegrito
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