Windows crashes – whether as a blue screen of death or as a completely blocked system – are extremely frustrating. Not only do you lose the work you had open, it can also be difficult to fix the cause of the Windows crash.
If you experience crashes, you may be wondering how to prevent these problems in the future. Let's look at the most common reasons for Windows crashing and what to do if Windows keeps crashing.
1. RAM problems
Because your computer stores important data in RAM, problems with your memory can cause Windows to crash. Error names like Fatal exception error Typically displayed when Windows tries to retrieve data from memory but cannot do so properly. If this continues to happen, your RAM may fail
5 signs and symptoms that your RAM is about to fail
You can use a free tool like MemTest86 to determine if there are any problems with your RAM. It is also worth making sure that your RAM sticks are properly seated in their slots. Note that not enough RAM can cause your system to stop, but Windows does not normally crash.
If you're sure RAM isn't the culprit, a motherboard problem can sometimes lead to similar problems.
2. Driver problems
Drivers are special pieces of software that Windows can use to interface with the various hardware components connected to your computer. In most cases, drivers are installed and updated automatically when you connect a new peripheral or run Windows Update.
However, if drivers drive badly, they can cause serious problems. Manually installing the wrong driver or upgrading to an incorrect version provided by the manufacturer are common ways to achieve this.
When troubleshooting the blue screen error
11 tips to fix Windows 10 blue screen error
Look for mentions of a particular piece of hardware, as this can be the culprit. It's also a good idea to open that up Device manager (Access by right-clicking the Start button) and look for warning symbols that represent hardware conflicts.
3. A faulty hard drive
Photo credit: Vincent Botta / Unsplash
If the storage drive (hard drive or solid-state drive) in your computer is defective, Windows may crash. This can manifest itself in crashes that only occur when you try to open certain files, indicating that a certain section of the drive is dying.
On an older hard drive, a click sound is another tell-tale sign of a faulty drive. Because Windows needs to access files on your storage hard drive to run properly, it may crash if the hard drive cannot read these files. If this sounds like your problem, find out what you can do with a dying hard drive
5 signs that your hard drive is failing (and what to do)
– Back up your data as soon as possible!
4. An overheated computer
Too much heat causes major problems for the sensitive components in your computer. A system that runs too hot for a long period of time can be permanently damaged. To counteract this, your computer often shuts down when it gets too hot, which usually leads to a Windows crash.
An overheating problem can have many causes. If you have a desktop, make sure your case is well ventilated. You should also check that all fans inside are working properly and that the heat sinks are not loose. Clean your computer regularly to remove excess dust.
When using a laptop, avoid placing it on your lap or on surfaces such as blankets, as this can block the cooling sources of the system. Read our tips for preventing computer overheating
This will prevent the computer from overheating and keep your PC cool
for further advice.
5. Malware infections
Malicious software, including viruses, Trojans, and other unwanted garbage, can destroy your system. When troubleshooting Windows 10 crashes, it makes sense to run an anti-malware scan to rule out a bad game.
Scanning with the built-in Windows Defender is a good first option. For a second opinion, we recommend installing the free version of Malwarebytes and running a scan. Hopefully, if you find malware, the crashes will subside after removing the infection.
6. Registration damage
The Windows registry is a huge database of information in which Windows and programs store data. Due to the regular addition, removal and modification of registry entries, there is a possibility that the content may get mixed up.
Some registry misconfigurations are minor, others can completely crash Windows. For this reason, we recommend avoiding registry cleaners as they tend to do more harm than good. If you've ever read a guide that recommends changing a registry value, be sure not to change anything else inside.
Unfortunately, if you suspect that a corrupted registry is causing Windows to crash, there's not much you can do other than reset Windows 10
4 ways to reset your Windows computer to factory settings
7. Software conflicts
Most software bugs don't cause Windows to crash. They only affect the app in question. However, sometimes particularly bad software crashes can block the entire system. If Windows crashes when opening a specific app, you should try reinstalling the software to see if that solves the problem.
If you think Windows 10 freezes your system, find out what to do if Windows 10 crashes
Windows 10 freezes your computer? Try this!
8. Power problems
If you have ruled out other options, there is a possibility that Windows may crash due to your PC's power supply. This is usually caused by a faulty power supply.
If your computer's power supply is damaged, the current flow may fluctuate or become too weak. Of course, this can cause your computer to crash. Replacing the power supply is the best way to fix this.
Another problem with the power supply is setting it up in your home. An overloaded circuit, faulty wiring, or connecting your computer to a faulty power strip can cause crashes due to power problems. To test this, try moving your device to another room and see if the problem persists.
9. Run an unsupported version of Windows
We're assuming you will fix Windows 10 crashes above. However, if you are running an older version of Windows, this can add to your problem. Windows 7 and older are no longer officially supported by Microsoft, ie they no longer receive updates for security and stability.
Because of this, older versions of Windows may crash more often. You should upgrade to Windows 10 as soon as possible so that you are on a supported platform.
For best results on Windows 10, you should install Windows updates to fix stability issues that cause crashes. However, sometimes installing the latest major update for Windows 10 immediately can create its own instability.
If you've recently updated Windows 10 and have experienced crashes, go to Settings> Update & Security> Recovery. There you can go back to the previous version of Windows 10.
Why does Windows keep crashing? Now you know
We looked at why Windows 10 crashes most often. As you have seen, many of these are hardware related, regardless of whether it is an incompatible driver, a faulty component or too much heat. It is often difficult to diagnose these problems. However, if you compare them against these causes, hopefully you can fix your problem.
If you experience specific crashes while playing, find out what to do if games crash on Windows
Why your games keep crashing: 10 reasons and how to fix them
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